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Teadus

Miks sialdab Tailwind erinevaid süsivesikuid, glükoosi ja sukroosi (fruktoosi)? 

Põhjus on väga lihtne - selleks, et kalorid kiiremini imenduksid. Lühidalt seletades on Sinu seedesüsteemis kaks pumpa, üks glükoosi ja teine fruktoosi transpordiks. Tailwindi eesmärgiks on maksimiseerida süsivesikute võimalikult kiire imendumine, kasutades samaaegselt mõlemat pumpa. Piltlikult öeldes, kui mõni spordijook või -geel sisaldab ainult glükoosi, siis töötab üks pump täiel võimsusel ja teine ei tööta üldse. 

Liikudes tahad Sa, et Sinu keha omastaks võimalikult efektiivselt kaloreid vältimaks energiadefitsiiti, seetõttu sisaldabki Tailwind mõlemat, glükoosi ja sukroosi (fruktoosi). 

Viitan siia ka Jeukendrup, A.M.(Twitter @jeukendrup) ja Mosley, L. (2008) uurimuse kokkuvõtte "Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery”. Kellel sarnaselt minule huvi ja ligipääs teaduslikele andmebaasidele, siis soovitan soojalt nii seda, kui kõrvalolevaid artikleid lugeda! 

Kofeiin

Kolm Tailwindi toodet sisaldavad ka väikese annuse kofeiini. Nendele, kelle sees tuksub aeglaselt soojenev diiselmootor ei pea kofeiini võlusid ilmselt tutvustama. Lisan taas mõningad viited seisukohtadele ja sisukokkuvõtetele, mille fookuses on soorituse ja kofeiini seosed. 

  1. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance
  2. Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance
  3. Effect of different protocols of caffeine intake on metabolism and endurance performance
  4. The Effects of Carbohydrate, Caffeine and Protein on Endurance Performance
  5. Caffeine and Sports Performance
  6. Nutrition and Your Mental Edge – Fueling Your Attitude

Viited

Lisaks sellele, et psühholoogina olen kirjutanud magistritöö spordivaldkonnas (millele viitan ka õige pea), leiad siit terve hulga viiteid erialastele teadusartiklitele. 

Tee omale tass teed või kohvi, sea ennast mugavalt sisse ja otsi EBSCOst või PubMedist järgnevaid huvitavaid artikleid.  

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  3. Burini, RC. "J Int Soc Sports Nutr." Food-dependent, Exercise-induced Gastrointestinal Distress. (2010): 1. PubMed. Web. 20 May 2013.
  4. Costill D. L. Gastric emptying of fluids during exercise.Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine. Fluid Homeostasis During ExerciseGisolfi C. V., Lamb D. R.1990BenchmarkIndianapolis, IN, chapt. 3, p. 97–127.
  5. Ferguson-Stegall L, McCleave EL, Ding Z, Kammer LM, Wang B, Doerner PG, Liu Y, Ivy JL. 2010. The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes. J Strength Cond Res24(10):2577-86.
  6. Gisolfi, Carl V., Robert D. Summers, Harold P. Schedl, and Timothy L. Bleiler. "Effect of Sodium Concentration in a Carbohydrate-electrolyte Solution on Intestinal Absorption." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 27.10 (1995): 1414-420.
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  8. Ivy JL, Res PT, Sprague RC, Widzer MO. 2003. Effect of a carbohydrate-protein supplement on endurance performance during exercise of varying intensity. Int J Sport Nutr exerc Metab 13(3):382-95.
  9. Jentjens RL, Achten J, Jeukendrup AE. 2004. High oxidation rates from combined carbohydrates ingested during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 36(9):1551-8.
  10. Jeukendrup, A. E., & Moseley, L. (2010). Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 20(1), 112-121.
  11. Jeukendrup, Asker, and Michael Gleeson. Sport Nutrition : An Introduction to Energy Production and Performance. 2nd ed. New York: Human Kinetics, 2010.
  12. Kirkendall, Donald Ph.D. T. "Creatine, Carbs, and Fluids: How Important in Soccer Nutrition." Sports Science Exchange 94 17 (2004): n. pag. GSSI. Gatorade Sports Science Institute, 2004. Web. 20 May 2013.
  13. Lambert, G. P., Chang, R. T., Xia, T., Summers, R. W., & Gisolfi, C. V. (1997). Absorption from different intestinal segments during exercise. J Appl Physiol, 83(1), 204-212.
  14. Martínez-Lagunas V, Ding Z, Bernard JR, Wang B, Ivy JL. 2010 Added protein maintains efficacy of a low-carbohydrate sports drink.J Strength Cond Res 24(1):48-59.
  15. McCleave EL, Ferguson-Stegall L, Ding Z, Doerner PG 3rd, Wang B, Kammer LM, Ivy JL. 2011. A low carbohydrate-protein supplement improves endurance performance in female athletes. J Strength Cond Res 25(4):879-88.
  16. Mitchell J. B., Costill D. L., Houmard J. A., Flynn M. G., Fink W. J.,Beltz J. D. (1988) Effects of carbohydrate ingestion on gastric emptying and exercise performance. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 20:110–115.
  17. Murray, Robert. "The Effects of Consuming Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Beverages on Gastric Emptying and Fluid Absorption During and Following Exercise." Sports Medicine 4.5 (1987): 322-51.
  18. Murray, PhD, FACSM, Bob. "Preventing Dehydration: Sports Drinks or Water."GSSI.com. Gatorade Sports Science Institute, 20 May 2005. Web. 20 May 2013.
  19. Noakes, T. D., Goodwin, N., Rayner, B. L., Branken, T., & Taylor, R. K. (1985). Water intoxication: a possible complication during endurance exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc,17(3), 370-375.
  20. Romano-Ely BC, Todd MK, Saunders MJ, Laurent TS. 2006. Effect of an isocaloric carbohydrate-protein-antioxidant drink on cycling performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 38(9):1608-16.
  21. Saunders MJ, Kane MD, Todd MK. 2004. Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage. Med Sci Sports Exerc 36(7):1233-38.
  22. Sawka MN, Burke LM, Eichner ER, Maughan RJ, Montain SJ, Stachenfeld NS. 2007. Exercise and fluid replacement. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39(2):377-90.
  23. Shi, Xiacoai, Robert W. Summers, Harold P. Schedl, Shawn W. Flanagan, Raytai Chang, and Carl V. Gisolfi. "Effects of Carbohydrate Type and Concentration and Solution Osmolality on Water Absorption." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 27.12 (1995): 1607-615.
  24. Sichel, William. “Gastro Problems in Endurance Athletes.” Planet Ultramarathon (blog). Web. 1 April 2008.
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